Flora and fauna



Upper Myanmar produces a lot of rice, but in smaller quantities than Lower Myanmar, which has very fertile land. The rice is the staple food of the population. Corn and millet are also grown, but in smaller quantities.

The sugar cane grows popularly in the Irrawaddy valley, although not cultivated. Farmers consume a much lower quality of sugar that they extract from some palm trees. The coconut tree is rare, but other fruit trees native to India, such as the mango tree, are proliferating.

Northern mountain people grow a local variety of tea. As for the plants used for industry, there is only cotton, which is found everywhere, especially in the regions north of the Irrawaddy, and indigo. In the forests, there are some sought-after species, such as teak wood.



The animals are the same as in India: elephants (6,000 wild and about as much domesticated) the rhinoceros (living in the deep jungles, it would not have completely disappeared yet, but it is hunted for the aphrodisiac virtues of its horns), leopards (in the forests of the North). If you're lucky, you can also see the Irrawaddy's dolphin, smaller than a sea dolphin, which would live upstream from Mandalay near Bhamo. The birds are numerous and the rivers are full of fish. Domestic animals are cow and buffalo (mostly used for working in the fields) and the horse (small Burmese horses are a sober and sturdy breed), and also the elephant are exploited for big forest work.